To know about what is ovarian cancer it is important to know what is ovary and where it is found. Ovary is a part of female reproductive system which produce ova and important female hormones which are Progesterone and estrogen. Ovary comes in a pair which have various abnormal cells when these abnormal cells grows it leads to ovarian cancer. Image below will help you to better understanding of the parts of female reproductive system.

Female reproductive system
Source: WikiMedia, CDC, Mysid – Vectorized in Inkscape by User:Mysid from a CDC image

What causes high risk of ovarian cancer?

  • Being overweight
  • Having Children later or never having full-term pregnancy
  • Using Fertility treatment
  • Taking Hormone therapy after menopause
  • Having family history of ovarian cancer
  • Smoking and Alcoholic Drinking Habits
  • Having history of Breast Cancer etc.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

In many cases Ovarian cancer doesn’t show any symptoms. Whereas, few of the symptoms are:

  • Pain in the abdominal or pelvic region
  • Bloating or change in bowel habits, indigestion or nausea
  • Abdominal fullness, fluid in the abdomen or lump in the abdomen
  • Cancer related fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite. etc

Types of Ovarian Cancer

The ovary is made up of three types of cells. Tumours in different cells lead to 3 different types of Tumors. Following are the three different types of Ovarian Cancer:

  • Epithelial tumors: These are the most common ovarian cancer The outer region is the most common to develop tumors is outside of the ovarian region.
  • Stromal Tumors: These tumors develop in the hormone producing region.
  • Germ tumors: These are the rare type of tumors and grow in the egg producing region

Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are non cancerous in nature. That’s why these are benign in nature. The cyst is collection of fluid and air which are found in or around the ovary. The cyst usually shows symptoms like bloating, not ovulating etc. It becomes a matter of concern if you stop ovulating. If so, you should visit your doctor.

Read Ovarian Cancer survivor story

Sources : https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer/about.html https://www.healthline.com/health/cancer/ovarian-cancer-early-signs#research

What is Ovarian Cancer: Cause, Symptoms and Cysts
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