Cervical cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells occur in cervix. These cells which is malignant in nature causes cancer in cervix. The main cause of cervical cancer in Human papillomavirus. Usually cervical cancer doesn’t show much symptoms. That’s why one need to perform HPV Test on regular basis. Although there are various treatment methods are available for cervical cancer. But the treatment method depends on the stages of the cancer. (Read more about HPV)
What increases the risk of cervical cancer
We have already discussed that the main cause of cervical cancer is Human Papillomavirus but there are other factors too which add the risk of cervical cancer. These are as following:
- Weak immune system
- Many sexual partners
- Unprotected sex
- Giving birth to too many children
- Taking pills after organ transplantation
- Being sexually active at very young age
- Being affected with HIV
- Smoking habit
- Using oral contraceptive pills etc
What are the factors that affect treatment options?
The treatment options available depends on various factors such as:
- Age of the woman
- Whether woman wants to give birth to child in future or not
- Stage of the cancer
- Chances of survival after treating the cancer
- The type of cancer
- Whether the patient has HIV
- The rate of recurring of cancer
What is Primary Treatment for cervical cancer?
The primary treatment of early-stage cervical cancer is either surgery or RT. When patient is diagnosed with early stage cancer or wants to preserve the fertility or have smaller lesions, in such cases surgery is typically suggested. For those who do not want to go for hysterectomy, Chemoradiation can be used. Ovarian transposition is for those who wants to preserve the fertility or who are of younger age than 45.
Doctors suggest adjuvant treatment after radical hysterectomy depending on surgical findings and disease stage. It is indicated after radical hysterectomy if pathological risk is involved.
Doctors suggest Radiation therapy for those who are in poor condition of health to afford surgery and for those- as adjuvant therapy following radical hysterectomy for those who have one or more pathologic risk factors.
Reference : NCCN Guidelines for cervical cancer