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Colorectal cancer is also known as colon cancer, rectal cancer, bowel cancer . It is a type of cancer which affects the area of colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer is the second most causes of death in women due to cancer. According to a research, In USA, 1 out of 23 women develop colorectal cancer once in her lifetime. Similarly, 1 out of 24 men develop colorectal cancer in their life in USA. Since, it is the second most cause of cancer deaths. It is better to know the colorectal cancer symptoms and the treatments. Only if we know the colorectal cancer symptoms, what treatments should we opt for can be known.

Colorectal Cancer Symptoms:

Here are the few symptoms which you can observe in your body to check whether you are fine or you need to see a doctor.

  • Constipation or irregular bowel movements
  • Incomplete feeling after discharging the bowel
  • Blood coming from the retum
  • Bloating and pain in the abdominal area
  • Not able to eat much because of feeling of full
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Major weight loss
  • Lump in abdomen or back
  • Iron deficiency in men and women

Please keep in mind that, it is not necessarily be cancer if you have these symptoms. It is advisable to consult your doctor in such cases as you might not have the colorectal cancer. But you could possibly have some other disease.

How does body get affected in colorectal cancer?

  • Due to Tiredness or fatigue, you may not want to get up from your bed. Your body will demand to sleep all day.
  • Constipation can lead to painful discharge of feces. You may not want to discharge the stool at all because of high pain.
  • Due to hard feces you may lose a lot of blood. Losing blood can cause anemia. In case of women, losing this much of blood is dangerous as they already shed blood every month during menstruation.
  • You may not want to eat as you already feel full because of constipation. It may cause lack of nutritions in body and you may lose weight.

What are the treatments available for coloectal cancer?

Treatment depends on various factors like size of the lump, area of the cancer, stage of the cancer and overall health of the person. The types of treatments available are:

  • Surgery for colorectal cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Ablation

Risk factors involved in colorectal cancer

  • Older age
  • A diet which does not contain fibers
  • High animal protein, saturated fats and calories
  • High alcohol consumption
  • History of breast, uterine and ovary cancer
  • Family history of cancer
  • Overweight
  • Lack of physical activity

Refernces:

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