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Beet root, Scientific name: Beta Vulgaris, in common also known as Beet/ red beet/ table beet or garden beet. It is dark red in colour and is a root vegetable. These are packed with essential nutrients and are a great source of fiber, folate (vitamin B9), manganese, potassium, iron, and vitamin C. We can say that beetroot benefits our health in many ways They are delicious and can be eaten raw but it is mostly taken in the form of juice or pickle. Not only beetroot can be eaten but their leaves known as beet green have also several benefits and can also be consumed.  Read the whole article to know the beetroot benefits for health.

Nutritional facts of Beetroot:

Beetroot dish

In a 100 gm of beetroot, 10% is fiber and 7% is potassium. It also contains 128.7 mg of Betaine. Nutrients breakup of beetroot per serving is observed as below. (learn more about nutrients and minerals contain in beetroot)

  • Calories: 43
  • Water: 88%
  • Protein: 1.6 grams
  • Carbs: 9.6 grams
  • Sugar: 6.8 grams
  • Fiber: 2.8 grams
  • Fat: 0.2 grams

Beetroots are great source of Vitamin and minerals, as it contains; 

Beetroot juice
  • Folate (vitamin B9):  It’s particularly necessary for pregnant women
  • Manganese.
  • Potassium.: Important for regulating blood pressure
  • Iron : Helps in transport of oxygen in RBC
  • Vitamin C. This works as an antioxidant and is important for immune function and skin health

There are different types of Beet, Namely:

Golden Beetroot
  • Chioggia: Also known as Candy Cane beets, these are red on the outside and red and white striped on the inside. 
  • Golden: Golden beets are yellow in colour and have a more neutral taste. 
  • White: They may have a very mild taste and they look like turnips from the outside.
  • Formanova: They’re resemblant of a sweet potato.
  • Lutz Green Leaf: These are also known as “winter keeper” beets, and are known for their long shelf life.

Benefits of Beetroots :

  1. They are good for your health, as they help to maintain good cholesterol
  2. They can help you to make better athletes. Beetroot contains nitrates which helps to improve blood flow in the body, which helps move oxygen throughout the body.
  3. Beetroot can improve your digestive health, they are high in fiber which are good for your gut.
  4. They are good for your brain, nitrates in beets can help improve brain function by increasing oxygen flow.
  5. They can help to fight against cancer. Beets are known to have antioxidant properties, which protect cells from free radicals.Most specifically, the betanin in beets has been studied for its ability to protect against cancer. According to some research beet extracts can be used in chemotherapy.
  6. They boost your immunity, as they are high in fiber, zinc, vitamin A and C.
  7. They are good for your eyes, as they contain Vitamin A.
  8. Beets are good for your liver. They Are full of  nutrients that keep your liver healthy — such as iron, antioxidants, betaine, and vitamin B.

Although, despite having such benefits, it can cause harm to some people. The carbs in beetroots are mainly simple sugars, such as glucose and fructose. Beets are high in fiber but also have FODMAPs, which can cause digestive problems in some people who have digestive problems.

Some research contents:

According to a research, The extract of red beetroot can be effective in suppressing the development of multiorgan tumors. They compared the cytotoxic effect of the red beetroot extract with anticancer drug, doxorubicin in the human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) and in the human breast cancer cells. It was observed that beetroot works slower than doxorubicin but has lesser cytotoxicity too. The results suggest that betanin, the major beetroot constituent, may play an important role in the cytotoxicity exhibited by the red beetroot extract.
Refernce: https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ben/acamc/2011/00000011/00000003/art00007

Another research done on Rat, It was observed that Rats were treated with NMBA and given either regular water ad libitum or water containing 78 μg/mL commercial red beetroot dye, E162. The treatment also resulted in reduced rates of cell proliferation in both precancerous esophageal lesions and in papillomas of NMBA-treated rats, as measured by immunohistochemical staining of Ki-67 in esophageal tissue specimens. Reference: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jmf.2008.0280

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