HPV or Human Papillomavirus is the most common cause of cervical cancer in women. Although, HPV, sometimes doesn’t show symptoms but it can lead to several health issues. You should know some important HPV facts which can help you to reduce the risk of getting cervical cancer. One of the important HPV facts is that there are 2 types of HPV vaccines available in India which can reduce the chance of getting cervical cancer.

Who can get HPV?

Human Papillomavirus can infect anyone who has had ever sexual contact with the person having HPV. Report says there are 14 million new infections occur every year in United States. Also, in India approx 82% of cervical cancer cases are due to HPV.

How it can be transferred?

HPV can be transferred without transfer of body fluid, that means, it can be transferred through direct skin to skin contact with infected person. HPV can also be transferred by having sexual intercourse with infected person. Although the chances of getting infection reduces by using latex condoms but it can not totally eliminate the risk of HPV transmission.

How dangerous is HPV?

In most of the cases HPV does not show any symptoms at all. HPV can be eliminated from the body naturally. But some types of HPV can cause cancer if not checked and treated timely. Men and Women can get genital warts, cancer of the mouth or throat and cancer of the anus or rectum. Men can also get penile cancer. Women can get cervical, vaginal or vulvar cancers.

How to reduce the risk of infection?

You can reduce the risk of getting HPV by following some simple things:

  • Limiting the number of sexual partners
  • Usage of latex condoms during sexual intercourse
  • Maintaining genital hygiene and sanitation
  • HPV Vaccination is the most recommended method to prevent HPV

Types of vaccinations available in India.

Two highly effective vaccines Cervarix, GlaxoSmithKline (Bivalent) ; Gardasil, Merck & Co.Inc. (Quadrivalent) are only available in India. Both the vaccine are highly effective in preventing HPV infection and cervical cancer

What is the proper age for HPV Vaccinations?

According to WHO, proper age for HPV Vaccination for girls is between 9 to 13 years. Only 2 doses of the vaccine separated by a gap of 6 to 12 months are enough for girls below age of 15 years. Girls over age of 15 years need to take 3 doses with an interval of 6 to 15 months.

How safe is HPV Vaccines?

As far now there is no serious safety concerns have been identified. Over 200 million doses of the vaccine have been administered globally with close monitoring to study any adverse reactions. Just like other vaccinations, it has also mild side effects like fever, headache, pain and redness.

Source: http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/hpv/fast-facts/

Read more about cervical cancer on https://blog.anvay.co/category/cervical-cancer/

7 Important Facts about HPV- Cervical Cancer
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